jueves, 17 de diciembre de 2009

¿Moderno o posmoderno? III

Para comenzar creo que es importante destacar que personalmente definirse a uno mismo como modernista o posmodernista es un poco complicado desde el punto de vista de que la posmodernidad es también llamada modernidad líquida ,esto se debe a que esta en constante cambio, quizás la idea que tenga en este momento de posmodernidad sea una y luego cambie, lo que si se puede es diferenciar una etapa de otra por distintos parámetros. Estos podrían ser que en la modernidad se destacan los valores tanto en lo moral , como en lo social y lo artístico, en cambio en la posmodernidad se destaca por olvidar los valores ,por la carencia del sentido o significado de las cosas o sucesos ,de esta manera parecería un culto al sin sentido; citando a filosofo francés Jean-François Lyotard ,esto puede deberse a la explosión de las tecnologías de la información, y la consiguiente facilidad de acceso a una abrumadora cantidad de materiales de origen en apariencia anónimo es parte integrante de la cultura posmoderna y contribuye a la disolución de los valores de identidad personal y responsabilidad. Comparando esto con el “género humano” del homo videns se puede decir que los medios de comunicación, especialmente la televisión, envían mensajes sin sentido, absurdos e inadecuados que son absorbidos por televidentes los cuales no analizan lo que ven y sencillamente lo toman sin razonar la veracidad o la coherencia del mismo. Justamente por su tono, de alguna manera lúdico, la posmodernidad hace que sea asimilado de manera más sencilla por la cultura popular o cultura de masas.
Zygmunt Bauman no habla de posmodernidad y modernidad sino que habla de lo líquido y lo sólido de una manera metafórica insinuando que lo fuerte y lo que perdurará es lo sólido ya que mantiene su forma, duran, mientras que lo líquido es la figura de la transitoriedad y esta sujeta al cambio constante .
Bauman llega este tipo de conclusiones estudiando el fenómeno de la sociedad capitalista y cuales de sus características perduraron y cuales se perdieron en el tiempo.
Una de esas características es el individualismo que marca nuestras relaciones y las torna precarias, transitorias y volátiles. Creo firmemente en esa postura ya que el individualismo es la base de los problemas sociales, no pensar en el otro, que directamente no nos interese nada de nuestra sociedad constituyen lo que posteriormente se convertirán en los problemas sociales que nos aquejan a diario como los pueden ser: La pobreza, la >INSEGURIDAD>(actualmente es la más destacada por los medios ya que en este tiempo nadie esta seguro y la clase, por decirlo de alguna manera, pudiente--incluyendo famosos, periodistas,-- se esta viendo afectada, si bien es correcto su reclamo me parece que no esta viendo la raíz del problema, que es la pobreza y el acceso a las drogas), la insalubridad ,etc. Creo firmemente que la despreocupación por los demas hace que luego, todos nos veamos afectados .
Bauman no ofrece teorías o sistemas definitivos, se limita a describir nuestras contradicciones, las tensiones no sólo sociales sino también existenciales que se generan cuando los humanos nos relacionamos.
Bauman no diferencia a la modernidad en sólida o líquida, sino que habla de una modernidad en un tiempo liquido. Esta aclaración hace dar cuenta de que de una modernidad sólida, es estable, y por esto perdura y permanece en el tiempo, en cambio, lo líquido esta sujeta a una inexorable realidad "cambiática" en la que nada perdura lo suficiente, ya sean cosas materiales, ideales, formas de vida, etc.


Matias Damiani 2º 4º TM Cs. Naturales

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